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广东教师招聘考试英语科目:完形填空(一)

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发表于 2020-2-12 19:36:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

A

John’s parents acquired the washer when he was a small boy. It happened during World War II. His family never __1__ a washing machine and, since gasoline was expensive, they could not __2__ trips to the laundry several miles away. Keeping clothes __3__ became a problem for young John’s household.

A family friend joined the army, and his wife __4__ to go with him. John’s family __5__ to store their furniture while they were away. To the family’s __6__, the friend suggested they use their Bendix. So this is how they __7__ the washer.

Young John helped with the washing, and across the years he __8__ a love for the old, green Bendix. But __9__ the war ended. When the friends came to take it back, John grew terribly __10__. His mother __11__ him and said. “You must remember, that machine __12__ belonged to us in the first place. That we ever got to use it at all was a gift. So, instead of being mad at it being taken __13__, let’s use this __14__ to be grateful that we had it at all.”

The lesson turned out __15__. Years later, John watched his eight-year-old daughter die a slow and painful death of leukemia (白血病). Though he __16__ for months with her death, John could not begin getting over from the __17__ until he remembered the old Bendix.

His daughter was a __18__. When he realized the simple fact, everything changed. He could now begin recovering from the death of his daughter. He started to see her as a marvelous gift that he was fortunate enough to __19__ for a time. He felt __20__. He found strength and recovery. He knew he could get through the valley of loss.

试题分析:文章通过讲述作者童年时,失去了与之朝夕相处的洗衣机,以及作者中年为人父时,失去自己挚爱女儿的故事。告诉我们:人生中有很多宝贵的东西,但当他们失去的时候,不要沉浸在痛苦中,而要从痛苦中解脱出来,去迎接新的生活。

1.【答案】C。解析:考查动词。A. required要求;B. repaired修复;C. owned拥有;D. saw看见;结合下一句“由于汽油很贵,他们家出不起开车去几英里外的干洗店的汽油钱”可知,他们家从来不曾拥有(own)洗衣机,故选C。

2.【答案】A。解析:考查动词。A.afford买得起;B.have有;C. take得到;D. ride骑;由于汽油很贵,他们家都负担不起(afford)开车去几英里外的干洗店的汽油钱,故选A。

3.【答案】B。解析:考查形容词。A. good好;B.clean干净;C.warm温暖;D.nice美好的;所以保持衣服的干净(clean)就成了小约翰一家人的一大难题,故选B。

4.【答案】D。解析:考查动词。A.refused拒绝;B.agreed同意;C.considered考虑;D.prepared准备;他们家的一个朋友要去参军,他的妻子将准备(prepared)随行,选D。

5.【答案】B。解析:考查动词。A.decided 决定;B. offered提供;C.expected期望;D.promised允诺;由上一句可知,朋友和妻子即将要走,于是John家主动(offered)帮助他们保存其家具,选B。

6.【答案】D。解析:考查名词。A.regret后悔;B.excitement 兴奋;C. sadness悲伤;D.astonishment惊喜;结合前后语境可知,军人朋友表示他们可以使用洗衣机,他们就解决了洗衣服的困难,所以他们很惊喜(astonishment),故选D。

7.【答案】D。解析:考查动词。A.used使用;B.bought 买;C.borrowed借;D. got得到;根据前文John’s parents acquired...中的acquire结合语境可知,这就是他们洗衣机的得来(got),可知选D。

8.【答案】B。解析:考查动词。A.produced产生;B.developed发展;C.achieved得到;D.reduced减少;小约翰帮助洗衣服,经过多年,他逐渐的对那台旧的绿色Bendix洗衣机产生(develop)了喜爱之情,故选B。

9.【答案】A。解析:考查副词。A.finally最终;B. obviously明显;C. peacefully和平;D.immediately立马;由下一句“当朋友回来取回洗衣机时”,预料到最后(finally)战争结束了,选A。

10.【答案】A。解析:考查形容词。A.upset灰心丧气;B.hopeless无望;C.confused 困惑;D. frightened害怕;由下文可知当朋友回来取回洗衣机时,约翰变得特别的难过(upset),选A。

11.【答案】B。解析:考查动词。A. encouraged鼓励;B.comforted安慰;C.taught 教;D.explained解释;看见儿子不高兴,妈妈自然过来安慰(comforted)他,选B。

12.【答案】D。解析:考查副词。A. once 曾经;B. already已经;C.hardly难的;D. never从不;你必须记住,那台机器从最初就不曾(never)属于我们,选D。

13.【答案】B。解析:考查副词。A. down下来;B.away离开;C.out出去;D. up上来;所以不应该因为它被带走而生气,take away被带走,故选B。

14.【答案】A。解析:考查名词。A. chance机会;B.success成功;C.event事件;D.treasure 宝藏;结合语境可知,因为朋友参军才把洗衣机留给约翰他们暂时使用,他们才有这样一个机会(chance),故选A。

15.【答案】C。解析:考查形容词。A.important重要;B.reasonable有理由;C. invaluable无价的;D. necessary必要的;根据后文是妈妈的话让作者走出了失去女儿的痛苦的,可知妈妈的话是无价的(invaluable),故选C。

16.【答案】C。解析:考查动词。A. thought想;B.missed想念;C.struggled挣扎;D.forgot忘记;由下一句可知,几个月时间,他仍然无法从失去爱女的痛苦中挣扎(struggle)出来,故选C。

17.【答案】A。解析:考查名词。A.loss失去;B.illness疾病;C. difficulty 困难;D. lesson课;根据后一句提示可知,他无法从这份损失(loss)中恢复过来,故选A。

18.【答案】C。解析:考查名词。A.washer洗涤器;B. death死亡;C.gift 礼物;D. loser失败者;由后文可知,他的女儿就是一份厚礼(gift),故选C。

19.【答案】C。解析:考查动词。A. earn赚;B.spend花费;C.share分享;D. live生活;句意:他把女儿看作一份神奇的礼物,一份他足以幸运地曾经短时间地享有(share)的礼物,故选C。

20.【答案】B。解析:考查形容词。A.happy快乐;B.grateful感激;C.relaxed放松;D.energetic精力旺盛的;根据最后一句:He knew he could get through the valley of loss.可知,他觉得他能够度过痛失爱女的低谷。以及前文第三段语境...,let’s use this chance to be grateful that we had it at all.可知,他充满感激(grateful)故选B。


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